Georgetta asked a great question today. She was writing a story that involved the characters using direct speech, so she was using speech marks. Then, Georgetta wanted the character to think, but not speak, and she wondered if thoughts need speech marks.
Here's what we found:
Knowing how to punctuate or format your character’s thoughts can be difficult. Should you use italics? Quotation marks? Underlining. What is the best way to show that a character is thinking within a given sentence or paragraph?
When the protagonist of your story pauses to think something, you need to set it apart somehow from the regular text and dialogue. There are a few different ways of formatting characters’ thoughts.
The most straightforward way to do this is to paraphrase the characters’ thoughts into the narrative.
Methods for formatting characters’ thoughts:
1. Sometimes, you don’t need to do anything to make it clear that a character is thinking, because the character’s thoughts will appear as if they are a part of the narrative—so that the line between the character and the “narrator” is thinned nearly to invisibility.
When the brothers climbed up the riverbank, their school clothes coated with mud and filth, it occurred to them for the first time that their mom would be furious. Why hadn’t they gone home first to change into play clothes? Oh well, they were already in trouble for being late for dinner, and they might as well get it over with. The trio trudged home reluctantly.
2. Another useful technique is to use italics to format thoughts, which is an effective tool when thoughts and spoken dialogue are interspersed. This technique is becoming standard practice among publishers—and for good reason. The different type style makes it quite clear when a person is thinking versus speaking aloud.
When the brothers climbed up the riverbank, their school clothes coated with mud and filth, it occurred to them for the first time that their mom would be furious. Why didn’t we go home first to change into play clothes? Roger thought. “We’re already in trouble for being late for dinner, so we might as well get it over with,” he told his brothers, and the trio trudged home reluctantly.
This style is also popular with science fiction and horror writers, who use italics to show telepathic communication between characters.
We have decided to use italics when we write inner thoughts.
Wow! What an amazing time we had at the bake sale...all the children (and teachers) had a great time setting up their stalls and selling their food. We were so pleased that we had some parents who could stay and help us too. All the customers had great manners and it was exciting to see children selling their food and giving the correct change. Thank you to everyone who helped make our bake sale a success:) We are now going to decide what we will buy for our new library.
Today we have been completing our posters, writing adds on the concrete and taking about what we will be baking tonight. In the morning we need to bring our baking to the hall, then take our bags to our class. If we need to finish our posters, we need to do that in class before school. Our teachers will take to register in the hall in the morning, then we will wash our hands and get ready to sell our products.
Bake sale day check list
With our bake sale imminent, we have been learning about money and had some questions about our coins and notes. Do you know or can you find out the answers to these? Remember to use key words in your search.
1. When was money invented?
2. What are the names of the people on our notes and why are they famous?
3. What are the birds on the notes and on the coins?
4 New Zealand's currency is called dollars ($) and cents (c). What is the currency of another country around the world?
Click on the images below to find out some interesting facts about money and to play some games that will help your learning. Next time you buy something, see if you can work out what notes and coins you would need, and what change you might get back.
Here is an opportunity for interested children during the school holidays. Click here to complete the registration process.